BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) — Argentine automakers are reducing production and suspending factory workers as sales plunge because of a gathering storm of economic trouble.
Most Argentine cars are exported to Brazil, where sales are down in a slowing economy. Meanwhile, a 23-percent peso devaluation so far this year puts cars with foreign parts out of reach for many Argentines. New taxes imposed by President Cristina Fernandez have made many cars even more expensive, and there's less credit available due to Argentine banking rules.
A grim report from Moody's Investors Service on Wednesday shows Argentina's economic woes go beyond the leading automotive industry. Most of the Argentine companies Moody's rates face a high risk of a liquidity crisis, with "significant debt coming due in the next 24 months, limited cash in relation to upcoming debt maturities, sizable negative free cash flow, a lack of access to committed bank credit facilities, or some combination of these factors," the ratings service said.
Union chief Antonio Calo said Wednesday that he's hoping trade talks between Brazil and Argentina will protect the industry. He spoke out after Fiat's truck-making subsidiary Iveco said it is suspending about 700 workers, and Peugeot-Citroën announced suspensions of 1,000 workers until sales catch up with production. The Peugeot-Citroen workers at the Villa Bosch factory outside the capital will get 65 percent of their pay until production resumes, the company said.
Union leaders worry that Argentina's General Motors factory may be next, because it exports 79 percent of its production to Brazil, where currency changes have made Argentine cars more expensive. Argentina's overall industrial production is down 3.1 percent this year, and much of the downturn involves the auto industry, whose production is down 16 percent this quarter compared to the year before, according to a report by the Management & Fit consultancy. Sales numbers are even worse, down 35 percent compared to April 2013, according to Argentina's automotive sales association.
"Companies that generate a meaningful amount of cash in Argentina and have a significant amount of debt denominated in US dollars are most at risk. Currency weakness also exacerbates Argentina's already high inflation," the report said. Among those most exposed are Argentine food producer Arcor S.A.I.C.; oil and gas producers YPF S.A., and Petrobras Argentina S.A.; timber producer Alto Parana S.A. and the Cablevision, S.A. media company, Moody's said.
With limited access to affordable credit, many Argentine companies are hoarding cash against the threat of another devaluation, and delaying the kind of longer-term investments needed for economic growth, Moody's concluded.
Associated Press Writer Almudena Calatrava contributed to this report.