Exports rose 1% to $212 billion in March while imports rose a slightly faster 1.1% to $262 billion. The deficit in goods with China dropped 16.2% to $20.7 billion, the lowest level since March 2014. Paul Ashworth, chief U.S. economist for Capital Economics, said that about one-fourth of the improvement in U.S. exports came from increased sales of American soybeans, which he said would be put "at risk of being reversed if the (U.S.-China) trade talks collapse amid acrimony and higher tariffs." China is a major buyer of U.S. soybeans.
The United States and China have been locked in a trade war for the past year with a new round of U.S. tariffs scheduled to go into effect Friday. Negotiators from both countries are scheduled to meet Thursday and Friday in Washington for an 11th round of talks aimed at reaching an agreement to ease economic tensions between the world's two biggest economies.
On Sunday President Donald Trump expressed frustration with what the U.S. side saw as backsliding by Chinese negotiators. Trump has said tariffs will be raised on $200 billion in Chinese products from 10% to 25% starting Friday. Chinese officials have said they will retaliate with higher tariffs on U.S. goods.
The new trade report showed that the deficit with China for the first three months of this year totals $80 billion, still the largest with any country but down 12.2% from the same period a year ago. The deficit with Mexico jumped to $9.5 billion in March, the highest on record, while the deficit with Canada was unchanged at $1.4 billion.