GM couldn't avoid red ink the fourth quarter, though. The automaker lost $232 million, or 16 cents per share, largely because most of the strike by the United Auto Workers union happened during the quarter.
Excluding one-time items for employee separations and the sale of a Chinese joint venture, GM made 5 cents per share, soundly beating Wall Street estimates. Analysts polled by FactSet expected a profit of 1 cent per share.
Revenue for the quarter was $30.8 billion, down almost 20% from a year ago. The company still made $8.2 billion in North America for the full year, so about 44,000 U.S. factory workers will get $8,000 profit-sharing checks this month. That's down from $10,750 in 2018.
GM said the strike, which ran from Sept. 16 through Oct. 25, cost the company sales of 191,000 vehicles and cut quarterly pretax earnings by $1.39 per share. For the full year, the strike cost GM $1.89 per share, the company said.
The bitter strike paralyzed GM's U.S. factories and cut production in Mexico and Canada before it was settled. Wall Street wasn't overly enthusiastic about the profit, and shares edged lower, less than 1%, in midday trading.
At its Capital Markets Day presentation to investors in New York, GM executives gave a glimpse into the company’s electric vehicle strategy Wednesday. In addition to an all-electric Hummer pickup being introduced in May, GM has plans for at least nine more, although the time frame wasn’t clear. A slide in the presentation showed compact SUVs, larger SUVs, two autonomous shuttles and “low roof” cars. Previously the company has pledged to roll out 20 electric models that it plans to sell worldwide by 2023.
CEO Mary Barra said GM is working on at least 300 miles of range for its third-generation of electric vehicles. At present, the Chevrolet Bolt can go 259 on a single charge. The new electric vehicle platform is like an ice cube tray, with water equating to battery capacity that can change with customer needs and the type of vehicle. “This allows us to be as agile as the market dictates,” President Mark Reuss said.
GM also plans to make its Super Cruise partially automated system available on seven more models next year, and 12 more in the following two years including models outside of the Cadillac brand such as full-size pickup trucks and SUVs, Reuss said.
Super Cruise can keep a car in its lane, keep a safe distance from vehicles ahead of it and automatically brake to avoid a collision. An update will allow automated lane changes. Currently the optional feature is only offered on Cadillac models and can be use only on selected highways.
GM also offered earnings guidance for this year, saying it expects pretax earnings of $5.75 to $6.25 per share this year, about flat with 2019 when strike costs and profits from its investment in the Lyft ride-hailing company and stock warrants in France's PSA Peugeot are backed out.
Globally, GM's vehicle sales fell nearly 8% to just over 7.7 million last year. In the U.S., sales dropped 2.5%. Strong U.S. pickup truck sales helped GM weather the strike and other financial headwinds, Chief Financial Officer Dhivya Suryadevara said Wednesday. The company rolled out new light- and heavy-duty pickups during the year, gaining a full point in market share of sales to individual buyers, she said.
Government steps to stop the Coronavirus from spreading have forced GM to close 15 assembly plants there, and Suryadevara said it’s too soon to talk about how long it will take to reopen the factories. “We’ve activated contingency plans across the enterprise,” she said. “People are working around the clock here trying to mitigate the impact of this going forward. But it’s really early days and it’s very fluid.”
Suryadevara said parts flow from Chinese factories to GM’s U.S. factories and other plants around the world. The company is looking at what vehicles could be affected by a prolonged shortage if Chinese factories stay closed.
“It’s an integrated supply chain,” she said. “We are looking at all of that and figuring out what are the key components, which are the vehicles that are impacted and which are the trims and models that are impacted and what we can do for each of those parts to mitigate the impact,” she said. “We’ll have more to say as the situation unfolds.”