The bill, long pushed by economists to stimulate investment in agriculture, was approved by 259 votes out of 450 late Monday. It opens up the land market for Ukrainian citizens starting from July 1, 2021, and for Ukrainian companies starting from 2024.
Ukrainians will vote on a nationwide referendum on whether to allow foreigners to buy farmland. Speaking in parliament Monday night, President Volodymyr Zelenskiy stressed the importance of getting the IMF loan.
"It is really important for us, to sign the memorandum with the IMF, and you know well that the two main conditions were the land law and the banking law," Zelenskiy said. Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal echoed his sentiment in televised remarks Monday.
“Without the support of international organizations we will have to fall into the abyss of a financial meltdown,” Shmyhal said. Earlier Monday, lawmakers approved the banking law in the first reading. It prevents former owners of banks that were nationalized or liquidated from regaining ownership rights or receiving compensation from state funds.
Some said that the bill, among others, targets billionaire tycoon Ihor Kolomoisky, whose Privatbank was nationalized in 2016 and who sought to get it back using his connections to Zelenskiy. In recent months, Zelenskiy has been trying to distance himself from Kolomoisky, who wasn't hiding his ambitions to influence both domestic and foreign policies, observers say.
According to Zelenskiy, once Ukraine fulfills the conditions outlined by the IMF, it will receive the first batch of funds — $1.75-$2 billion — in 15 days. “We agreed with the management of the IMF,” Zelenskiy said.