"We build the wall to keep us free," respond his followers in the underworld. "How does the wall keep us free?" he asks. "The wall keeps out the enemy," they reply. Every night, "you can just feel the shiver go through the audience," says director Rachel Chavkin. And it's not just because of actor Patrick Page's chillingly deep bass vocals. It's because many theatergoers assume the song, called "Why We Build the Wall," is a very modern, very political reference to President Donald Trump and his southern border wall.
Actually, it isn't. Singer-songwriter Mitchell wrote the song way back in 2006, a full decade before Trump was elected. And, she says, it's held different meanings to different audiences during the long journey of "Hadestown" from community theater project to concept album to off-Broadway show to Tony favorite, with a whopping 14 nods.
Uncharacteristically for her, Mitchell says, she wrote the song very fast. It was one of the first numbers she wrote for "Hadestown," and quickly became a favorite at the small venues in rural Vermont where she performed.
"It became the song everybody wanted me to play," she says. "I think it was speaking to people partly because it's so simple — someone said it's like 'The Twelve Days of Christmas,' because it circles back on itself. It's easy to remember."
Since her show is based on a myth, Mitchell intended the song to be "mythical, metaphoric, archetypal." But she was thinking of walls, too. The Berlin Wall. The Great Wall of China. Even, she says, gated communities.
In "Hadestown," which places the well-known Greek myth in a New Orleans jazz setting, Hades is actually a steel tycoon, handsome and nattily dressed in a three-piece suit. His walled-off underworld is a company town, where employees engage in mindless, soul-corroding labor in exchange for economic security. The enemy? Poverty and hunger.
But the song took on sudden new meaning when Trump became a candidate and started touting at rallies his proposed border wall with Mexico. "It's just so uncanny the way it got tapped into this administration, especially in 2016, when Trump was a candidate," Mitchell says. "The song IS a rally — there's call-and-response going on, which felt so uncannily connected to what was happening at those rallies."
In fact, Mitchell says, the coincidence made the show's creative team wrestle over whether they should make the connection even more obvious. "We were thinking, 'Wow, should we be tailoring the show in some way to speak more directly to the current moment politically?'" she says. They ultimately decided against it, because, Mitchell says, the image of a leader invoking a wall was "much older and bigger" than one modern election.
But though the show itself stayed away from presidential politics, Mitchell herself wrote in a Huffington Post essay just before Election Day that although any resemblance with Trump was coincidental, "we all know the underworld boss/king archetype when we see it. Let's not elect him president."
The show played Edmonton, Canada, and then the National Theatre in London before finally getting its Broadway gig. In each spot, audience reaction to the song felt a little different, says Page, a Broadway veteran nominated for his first Tony for "Hadestown."
Page felt a more sober, serious audience reaction to the song during the Canada run in late 2017, when Trump was already president. Then in Britain, Page says, "that was different too, because they're going through their own kind of virtual wall with Brexit," which he describes as being "about walling the country off from the rest of the world."
Mitchell feels that part of the power of "Why We Build the Wall" is due not only to Page's "terrifying" delivery, which almost resembles a growl, but to Chavkin's stark staging. "There's not a lot of motion onstage," she notes. "There's nowhere to hide, nowhere to distract your eye."
It's not only "Why We Build the Wall" that evokes contemporary parallels. Mitchell says. "Hey Little Songbird," sung by Hades to lure Eurydice — essentially a sexual transaction — took on creepier resonance for her in light of the #MeToo movement, which erupted in late 2017.
"I realized that if you're dealing with mythic archetypes, those things are going to come around again and again, for better or worse," Mitchell says. "I'm so grateful for the ways in which this story, as ancient as it is, has kept unfolding."