Designed by British architect David Chipperfield, the James Simon Gallery was presented to reporters Wednesday and opens to the public Saturday. Built on a narrow riverside site with a colonnade stretching along the bank, it provides an imposing entrance to the five-museum UNESCO world heritage site.
The building includes exhibition space but is meant largely to make the museums more user-friendly, providing facilities such as a cafe, shop and auditorium that are lacking in buildings such as the Pergamon Museum and Neues Museum.
The new 134 million-euro ($150 million) building is a key part of a "master plan" drawn up 20 years ago to renovate the Museum Island, which was built between 1830 and 1930. Parts of it were badly damaged during World War II, and cash-strapped communist East Germany never fully restored it. Work on three museums has now been completed — including the Neues Museum, home to Nefertiti, which was half-ruined before being restored by Chipperfield. Renovation is underway at the Pergamon Museum, home to the Ishtar Gate and the Pergamon Altar, the latter currently closed to visitors.
"Even if we still have a long road before us to complete the Museum Island, the opening of this building is still a historic moment" as it is the only new addition, said Hermann Parzinger, the head of the foundation that oversees Berlin's public museums.
The building is named after Jewish collector and benefactor James Simon, who died in 1932 and donated some 10,000 objects to Berlin museums over the years, including the Nefertiti bust. Officials said the museums wouldn't be what they are without Simon, and Parzinger said the name is also a tribute to "the many other, mostly Jewish, patrons of the late kaiser era and the Weimar era who did an infinite amount for culture in (...) Germany, in Berlin."