German manufacturer Volkswagen registered a 6.5 percent decline in sales, but maintained its dominant 24-percent market share. Italian-American carmaker Fiat Chrysler Automobiles saw sales decline 15 percent.
French carmakers PSA and Renault limited their drops to 2 percent and 0.7 percent respectively. Luxury carmaker Daimler saw sales fall 1.3 percent while BMW slid by 2.7 percent. Demand dropped off by 7.5 percent in Italy and 8 percent in Spain.