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Hungarian architect, dissident Laszlo Rajk dies at 70

BUDAPEST, Hungary (AP) — Laszlo Rajk, a Hungarian architect, dissident and film and theater production designer, has died. He was 70. Rajk died Wednesday from an undisclosed illness, according to online architecture publication

Rajk shared the name Laszlo with his father, a communist interior minister who was executed in 1949 after an infamous Stalinist show trial during the early days of Hungary's communist regime. Rajk hadn't celebrated his first birthday when his father died.

After his mother, Julianna Foldi, was imprisoned for allegedly supporting her husband's "subversive" work, the young Rajk spent several years in state care. He was temporarily given a new name, and returned to his mother after her 1954 release.

As an avant-garde architect in the 1970s, he became involved in Hungary's dissident movement. Rajk later helped publish and distribute underground "samizdat" publications. The publications carried articles on taboo subjects like the 1956 anti-Soviet revolution, and sociological and economic studies intended to give a clearer picture of Hungarian reality than the one appearing in state-censored newspapers and magazines.

Rajk turned his own home into a "samizdat boutique," where issues of the clandestine journals could be purchased. Rajk was blacklisted in 1981 by Hungary's communist regime and mostly banned from working under his own name for a decade.

The same year, he co-founded AB Fuggetlen Kiado, an independent publisher of mostly Hungarian and Eastern European dissident authors but also works by anti-authoritarian writers like George Orwell, or those writing about the region, like British historian Timothy Garton Ash.

Miklos Haraszti, a fellow dissident and former Representative on Freedom of the Media at the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, said Rajk was a "pioneer" in the launch and strengthening of Hungary's democratic opposition.

"Rajk was a pioneer in making Hungary the second strongest country, after Poland, in the production and dissemination of opposition ideas," Haraszti said. "It was his authority, enterprise, diligence and talent which guaranteed their continued existence."

He was a founding member of the Alliance of Free Democrats and elected to parliament in 1990, after the fall of communism. Rajk remained a lawmaker until 1996, resigning after some members of his party were involved in a corruption scandal.

Along with Gabor Bachman, he designed the striking backdrop used at Heroes Square during the 1989 reburial ceremony of the executed leaders of the 1956 anti-Soviet revolution, a key event on the road of Hungary's return to democracy.

His likely best-known architectural design, if aesthetically much-criticized, is the market hall at Budapest's Lehel Square. Rajk also worked as a production designer or art director in dozens of films and theater productions. He was production designer for the Academy Award-winning "Son of Saul," directed by Laszlo Nemes, which won the Oscar for best foreign language film in 2016.

He also worked as production designer on two films by Bela Tarr, "The Man from London" and "The Turin Horse," and as an art director for Ridley Scott's "The Martian." Rajk, a member of Hungary's Szechenyi Academy of Letters and Arts, won numerous national and international awards for his political and design work.

Born in Budapest on Jan. 26, 1949, Rajk is survived by his wife, Judit, a renowned concert singer.

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