Monday's ruling stems from the asylum application in Hungary of Russian businessman and activist Alexei Torubarov. While a Hungarian court found he qualified for asylum, Hungary's immigration office repeatedly rejected his application. In Russia, Torubarov is suspected of fraud, while he says he is being persecuted.
Hungarian courts lost their right to overrule immigration authorities on asylum applications in 2015, a change spurred by Prime Minister Viktor Orban's harsh anti-immigration policies. The Hungarian Helsinki Committee, a rights group assisting Torubarov's asylum application, said Monday's ruling set an EU-wide precedent and was a victory also for rule of law in Hungary.