The 189-nation IMF wants to name a successor to outgoing Managing Director Christine Lagarde by Oct. 4. Georgieva is expected to adapt similar policy stances to Lagarde, who is stepping down from the IMF this week to lead the European Central Bank.
Eswar Prasad, an economics professor at Cornell University and a former top official at the IMF, said that Georgieva "certainly has strong credentials in the world of international finance." But he expressed disappointment that the search for a new IMF director was not broadened to include more IMF's member countries, including a large group of developing economies.
"The process of her selection, which was orchestrated by a set of advanced European countries with the tacit support of the U.S. still reeks of a global governance system that is dominated by advanced economics who put their interest first," Prasad said.
Since the IMF and World Bank were founded immediately after World War II, the IMF has always been headed by a European while the World Bank has always been led by an American. Earlier this year, the Trump administration successfully lobbied to get David Malpass, who was then serving in the administration as a top Treasury Department official, confirmed as head of the World Bank.
In addition to serving at the World Bank, Georgieva, 66, previously served as the European Union's commissioner for human rights.