Serbia and Kosovo have remained uneasy neighbors ever since their 1998-99 war that claimed more than 10,000 lives and left over 1 million people homeless. Serbia continues to consider Kosovo part of its territory, although its independence has been recognized by about 100 countries, including the United States.
U.S. National Security Adviser Robert C. O'Brien said the 'letter of intent' signed in Berlin between representatives of the two countries marked a “historic deal," calling commercial air links the “lifeblood of a modern economy.”
O'Brien said there have been no commercial flights between Kosovo and Serbia in 21 years. Currently, it takes over five hours to travel from Belgrade to Pristina overland. The agreement was inked by Milun Trivunac, state secretary of Serbia's Ministry of Economy, and Eset Berisha, director general of the Civil Aviation Authority of Kosovo, at the U.S. Embassy in Berlin. U.S. Ambassador Richard Grenell also serves as President Donald Trump's special envoy for Serbia and Kosovo.
Kosovo President Hashim Thaci welcomed the agreement, saying it was "an important step for the movement of citizens and normalization process.” The 25-minute flight between Belgrade and Pristina will be operated by Lufthansa's budget carrier Eurowings, which already has an aircraft stationed in the Kosovo capital.
Michael Knitter, the chief operating officer of Eurowings, said the flights could begin as soon as further regulatory hurdles have been removed by both countries. It is unclear how soon that might happen, however. Belgrade has in the past called for Pristina to drop a 100% tax on Serbian goods before flights can resume.
“Serbia has shown clear determination to boost free movement of goods, people and capital contrary to the artificially imposed barriers and limitations,” the Serbian Ministry of Economy said in a statement Monday.