The four-page letter covers territory long of concern to Benedict, but is also heavy on Polish history and John Paul’s personal background, suggesting that the 92-year-old Benedict didn't write it alone. The letter traces John Paul’s quarter-century pontificate, his encyclicals, devotions and foreign trips, as well as the final moments of his life and the chants of “Santo Subito” or “Sainthood Now” that erupted soon thereafter.
The final part of the letter is dedicated to the question of whether John Paul should be given the title “the Great,” after having already met the Vatican criteria to be declared a saint. Pope Francis canonized him in 2014.
The title is a way to recognize the impact a particular saint had on the church and the world, and is usually considered long after a saint’s death so historians have ample evidence to judge. John Paul’s supporters argue his role in bringing down communism in his native Poland, as well as his guidance of the church in the years after the Second Vatican Council, make him worthy of the title.
Even by the time John Paul was canonized, however, his legacy had been stained by his failure to address clergy sexual abuse, a scandal that has only grown in recent times. In the last year, the Polish church itself has been devastated by its own reckoning with old and new cases of abusive priests and superiors who covered up the crimes.
Benedict’s letter makes no mention of the scandal. Instead, it argues that John Paul belongs in the company of two popes who have been declared “the Great:” the 5th Century Pope Leo I and the 6th century Pope Gregory.
Benedict wrote that in the cases of Leo and Gregory, “the word ’great' has a political connotation, but precisely because something of the mystery of God himself becomes visible through their political success.
“Undisputedly, the pope’s faith was an essential element in the collapse of the powers,” Benedict wrote of John Paul. “And so, the greatness that appeared in Leo I and Gregory I is certainly also visible here."
He concluded by saying: “Let us leave open the question of whether the epithet “the great” will prevail or not." But he stressed that: “It is true that God’s power and goodness have become visible to all of us in John Paul II."