But some hurled rocks and firebombs with slingshots, provoking Israeli fire, witnesses said. Gaza's Hamas rulers deescalated the monthslong marches recently to allow mediators to negotiate a solution.
The Islamic militant group wants an end to an Israeli-Egyptian blockade. In November, Israel permitted Qatar to deliver $15 million to help Hamas pay its civil servants and ease tensions. Israeli fire has killed more than 170 Palestinians at the protests since they began in March. A Gaza militant shot dead an Israeli soldier in July.