Seif al-Islam Gadhafi was charged in 2011 with murder and persecution allegedly committed during his father's violent crackdown on protesters in 2011. He remains at large. Gadhafi's lawyers argued that he was convicted in a Tripoli court in 2015 of largely the same charges as in his ICC indictment and that he cannot be tried twice for the same allegations. He was released from custody in Libya in 2016 under an amnesty.
ICC judges ruled Friday that the Tripoli conviction could still be appealed and that granting amnesties for such serious crimes "is incompatible with internationally recognized human rights."