The paper's correspondent, Ruth Michaelson, left the country last week after Western diplomats informed her that Egyptian security services wanted her to leave “immediately," the daily said. Michaelson had reported on unpublished research by Canadian infectious disease specialists estimating an outbreak size of over 19,000 cases in Egypt. The scientists had used data from early March when Egypt officially had only three confirmed cases, according to Michaelson's report published on March 15.
The following day, Michaelson, along with a New York Times reporter who had tweeted her story, were summoned by Egyptian officials and told that they were accused of “misreporting" and “spreading panic," the Guardian said.
A day later, Egypt's State Information Services, the government-body overseeing foreign correspondents, revoked Michaelson's press credentials and released a statement accusing her of citing a “misleading" study based on “false conclusions" and “speculation”.
Egyptian authorities threatened to shut the Guardian's bureau in Cairo if the paper refused to retract the story and run an official apology, the statement said. Egypt's heath ministry on Thursday said there have been 495 cases of the new coronavirus in the country, including 24 fatalities. In recent weeks, the government has beefed up precautionary measures to contain the pandemic by shutting down schools, restaurants and recreational facilities, reducing the workforce in public and private businesses and eventually imposing an 11-hour daily curfew. State-run media have called on people to observe social-distancing and stay home.
Michaelson, who lived in and reported on Egypt since 2014, boarded a Germany-bound flight along with stranded foreign nationals last Friday, a day after Egypt suspended all commercial flights to stop the spread of the virus.
The Guardian said it offered to publish a rebuttal by Egyptian authorities of the Canadian study but received no response to the offer. “We regret that the Egyptian authorities have chosen to revoke accreditation from a reporter working for a trusted, independent media organization like the Guardian,” a spokesperson for the paper said.
Egypt remains among the world's worst jailers of journalists, along with Turkey and China, according to the U.S.-based watchdog Committee to Protect Journalists. Authorities have imprisoned dozens of reporters and occasionally expelled some foreign journalists.
As fears of an outbreak keep mounting, Egyptian authorities are seeking to suppress any attempts to challenge the official narrative. Earlier this month, police arrested three people for Facebook posts about the coronavirus, saying they had spread “rumors” and “fake news” about reported cases in the country.
A CPJ representative on Thursday urged Egyptian authorities to allow Michaelson back into the country and to let both local and foreign reporters work “freely and without fear of arrest or official harassment”
“Accurate information about the COVID-19 pandemic is of life or death importance to Egyptians and people around the world, and should not be stifled for political convenience,” said CPJ's Mideast and North Africa coordinator, Sherif Mansour.