Japan's benchmark Nikkei 225 gained 0.2% in morning trading to 19,659.20, reopening after Golden Week holidays, and South Korea's Kospi added 0.1% to 1,930.90. Australia's S&P/ASX 200 lost 0.2% to 5,372.30, while Hong Kong's Hang Seng fell nearly 0.7% to 23,973.95, while the Shanghai Composite was flat at 2,878.43.
“Asian stocks are off to a sluggish start following gloomy COVID-19 figures, dismal U.S. private payroll data, Trump’s tough talk on China, and as Japan returns from Golden Week holidays. Both the US and global fatalities jumped to the highest levels since April 21st,” said Edward Moya, senior market analyst at OANDA.
Trump said he would soon assess progress in a preliminary trade agreement with China that took effect in January, extending a truce in a painful tariffs war between the world's two biggest economies. The possibility of revived friction over trade at a time when economies have been slammed by pandemic shutdowns and travel restrictions has rattled investors in Asia, where China is the main driver for regional growth.
On top of that, worries continue that potential relapses in social distancing might set off a new surge in infections in Japan, where many refrained from traveling and streets stayed empty during the past week's holidays.
Reported cases have been tapering off in Japan, which has reported nearly 560 deaths so far. The U.S. has confirmed more than 73,000 deaths, according to Johns Hopkins University. Global confirmed cases are approaching 4 million people, more than a million of them in the U.S. China, where the pandemic began, has reported more than 4,600 deaths.
The number of COVID-19 cases is believed to be much higher than the official figures suggest due to variances in testing rates and a large number of asymptomatic cases. Overnight, the S&P 500 dropped 0.7% to 2,848.42. Three out of four stocks in the index sank. But the market’s losses would have been much worse if not for continued gains for technology stocks.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average sank 0.9% to 23,664.64. The Nasdaq, which is full of tech stocks, rose 0.5% to 8,854.39. A report Wednesday morning showed private U.S. employers eliminated an astonishing 20.2 million jobs last month. That sets a dour stage for Friday’s more comprehensive monthly jobs report from the U.S. government.
Across the Atlantic, the European Union said Wednesday that it’s bracing for a “recession of historic proportions” amid restrictions meant to slow the spread of the virus. Energy stocks slipped after oil prices gave up some of their gains from earlier in the week. But oil was on the rebound Thursday, with benchmark U.S. crude oil up 5 cents to $24.04 a barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. It fell 57 cents, or 2.3%, to $23.99 a barrel Wednesday.
Brent crude oil, the international standard, lost 1 cent to $29.71 a barrel. Pledges of massive amounts of aid from the Federal Reserve and the government have helped the S&P 500 more than halve its earlier loss of 34%, which stretched from February into late March.
But many analysts are skeptical about the rally, calling it overdone given uncertainty about how long the recession will last. And as Wednesday’s reports demonstrated, the damage looks to be the worst in many decades.
Investors recently have been focusing on the possibility that the economy will be in a less horrible place a few months from now, which would merit higher prices. China, where the pandemic began in December, has allowed factories and some other businesses to reopen. Some European governments are taking similar steps. California might allow some retailers to resume serving customers this week.
“The virus isn’t going away, that’s just part of our ecosystem,” said Giannotto of GraniteShares. “What can be changed is our willingness to accept risk.” The yield on the 10-year Treasury was at 0.69% down slightly 0.70% late Wednesday. That’s up from its record low of below 0.40% set in early March, but it’s still well below the roughly 1.90% it was yielding at the start of the year. Yields tend to fall when investors are downgrading their expectations for the economy and inflation.
The U.S. government is borrowing massive sums to pay for its response to the coronavirus, and the ballooning supply of Treasurys may be adding downward pressure on their prices. When a Treasury’s price falls, its yield rises.
The dollar inched up to 106.18 Japanese yen from 106.13 yen Wednesday. The euro rose to $1.0803 from $1.0795.
AP Business writers Damian J. Troise, Alex Veiga and Stan Choe contributed.