President Donald Trump has called it a crisis and is weighing a national emergency declaration to bypass a reluctant Congress and fund his long-promised border wall. It is the issue that has led to the extended partial government shutdown.
The Obama administration appointed Fugate, who ran recovery operations to numerous hurricanes and other disasters, to manage the issue of separated migrant children. "And that was a crisis," Fugate said in a phone interview with The Associated Press. It was an issue of mass care, he said.
More terrorists come into the United States through the northern border than the southern, said Fugate, who was part of the Department of Homeland Security. "I've yet to see anything physically stop illegal immigration," Fugate said. He said it would be cheaper and more effective to spend money to reduce crime and poverty in areas the refugees are fleeing from to stop illegal immigration that way.
"This is posturing, blustering," Fugate said. He said Trump is essentially saying, "If I can't get Congress to fund it, I'm going to use my authority to bypass Congress." Fugate said he worries that it continues a trend of presidents being more powerful than the legislative and judicial branches, something he traces back to Abraham Lincoln and, more recently, Franklin Roosevelt. The Supreme Court stopped President Harry Truman from using national emergency powers to nationalize the steel industry, but Fugate said he worries that won't happen if Trump declares a national emergency to bypass Congress.
"What happens if they suspend the vote? What happens if they suspend the Congress?" Fugate asked. "That's what happens in countries where the executive branch is greater than the legislative and judiciary."
This story has been corrected to show that Fugate was appointed by the Obama administration, not the Trump administration, to manage the issue of separated migrant children.