Lightfoot became the city's first black female and first openly gay mayor when she defeated another black woman, Cook County Board President Toni Preckwinkle, in Tuesday's election. She joins Chicago's top prosecutor and police chief as black leaders in a city that continues to struggle with race relations.
But the significance of her win also transcended race or gender. Lightfoot was the outsider, a little-known former federal prosecutor who grew up in Ohio and had never been elected to public office, much less climbed through the ranks of Chicago's Democratic machine. Yet she toppled some of the biggest political names and most powerful leaders in the city with a promise to end political corruption and be a voice for low-income and minority people and neighborhoods.
"Today is April 3, a new day for all of Chicago," Lightfoot said Wednesday at a news conference called by the Rev. Jesse Jackson to promote postelection unity . Preckwinkle stood beside her. Chicago has long struggled with issues of segregation, housing discrimination mostly targeting blacks and Hispanics and a generationally engrained mistrust of the city's mostly white police department.
The tension between police and residents exploded in protests following the 2014 fatal shooting of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald by a white police office. Jason Van Dyke was sentenced earlier this year to fewer than seven years in prison for second-degree murder.
Chicago also has seen its population drop, due largely to thousands of black residents leaving neighborhoods on the South and West sides — areas South Side resident and political consultant Delmarie Cobb describes as "gutted." At the same time, downtown and predominantly white neighborhoods on Chicago's North Side have been growing and glistening with new investment.
For black residents, "you can't help but feel that the city and the city leaders have turned their backs on you," Cobb said. "When you see hundreds of thousands of black people leaving" a city that once had a reputation as being the land of opportunity for black people, "people want to know that somebody is going to speak for them," Cobb added.
Joyce Ross, 64, supported Lightfoot and said one of the reasons she's most excited about her taking office stems from her own unsuccessful efforts to get a city job decades ago. She recalled it as a time when who she knew seemed more important than what she knew.
Then came the election of Harold Washington, the city's first African American mayor, who also was on the outs with the Democratic establishment. "I got three calls really quick about jobs I could apply for," recalled Ross, who lives on Chicago's West Side. She did apply, and soon she was working for the city.
John Allison, a 64-year-old dog catcher, also compared Lightfoot with Washington, and said he believes she has a better chance of bringing the city together. "She had more of a unity-type thing that kind of reminded me of Harold Washington, where she would let everybody in," Allison said.
Finley Campbell, a spokesman for the Chicago-based Unitarian Universalist Multiracial Racial Unity Action Council, said part of what makes Lightfoot's win historic is also that she reached out successfully to white voters.
She earned broad support, receiving about three-fourths of the total vote and winning all 50 Chicago wards. Her margins of victory ranged from about 8 percentage points in a largely black South Side ward to as high as 75 percentage points in predominantly white wards on the North and southwest sides.
"It is historic because a black, openly gay sister is out there," Campbell said. "What's also historic for me is she reached out very successfully to the white ethnic community, where you have traditional Polish, German, Irish-type people. There's also a connection to the firefighters and police department, and working-class people."
"Her ability to say 'I will represent you, too,' accounts for it being successful." Lightfoot said she took Tuesday's results as a mandate for change, and that she plans to "take full advantage of it." But she noted there is much difficult work ahead .
She said her priorities upon taking office will be to get a handle on violence, rebuild the public school system, ensure Chicago is welcoming to immigrants and confront the city's deep financial problems.
"Honeymoons come and go, and I want to make sure we're doing all we can to really breathe life into the historic nature of this election," she said.
Williams reported from Detroit. Associated Press writer Don Babwin and video producer Noreen Nasir in Chicago also contributed to this report.