Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif told a group of top defense officials and diplomats at the Munich Security Conference that the information provided to the president has dissuaded Trump from accepting offers from other leaders to mediate between Washington and Tehran.
"President Trump has been convinced that we are about to collapse so he doesn't want to talk to a collapsing regime," Zarif said. To support his argument, the Iranian minister cited Trump's decision to pull out unilaterally in 2018 from Iran's nuclear deal with the U.S. and other world powers. Trump said the landmark 2015 accord didn't address Iran's ballistic missile program or regional activities and needed to be renegotiated.
Since then, the Trump administration's re-imposition of U.S. sanctions in a campaign of so-called "maximum pressure" have taken a severe toll on the Iranian economy and sent Iran's currency plunging.
“I believe President Trump, unfortunately, does not have good advisers,” Zarif said. “He's been wanting for Iran to collapse since he withdrew from the nuclear deal.” Zarif also said the killing of Iranian Gen. Qassem Soleimani in a U.S. drone strike in Iraq on Jan. 3 was a miscalculation by Washington that has galvanized support for Iran instead of increasing pressure on the regime.
The Iran nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or JCPOA, promised Iran economic incentives in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program. It was intended to prevent Tehran from developing a nuclear bomb, which Iran insists it does not want to do.
Since the U.S. withdrawal, the deal's other signatories - Germany, France, Britain, Russia and China - have unsuccessfully struggled to come up with ways to offset the effects of the new American sanctions.
Washington has pressured the other countries - so far without success - to abandon the deal entirely U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said at the Munich Security Conference earlier Saturday that while there may be disagreements on what to do with the JCPOA, “when I talk to my counterparts here in Europe, everybody gets it.”
“Everyone understands that these are folks who continue to build out their nuclear program,” Pompeo said. “So there's a common understanding about the threat; we have tactical differences on how to proceed.”
In recent months, Iran has steadily violated the limitations the deal placed on the amount of enriched uranium and heavy water it can stockpile, the number and type of centrifuges it can operate, and the purity of the uranium it enriches.
Iranian officials insist the moves are intended only to put pressure on the countries that remain part of the deal to provide economic help to Iran and that all the measures taken are fully reversible.
However, the so-called "breakout" time it would take for Iran to build a bomb decreases with every step. Zarif rejected Trump's suggestion of negotiating a new deal, saying the one negotiated during the Obama administration was the only vehicle for talks on Iran's nuclear program.
"There is no point in talking over something you already talked about. You don't buy a horse twice," he said. "It's not about opening talks with the United States. It's about bringing the United States to the negotiating table that's already there," Zarif said.