Maj. Gen. Ahmed Naser al-Raisi, inspector general at the United Arab Emirates’ interior ministry and a member of Interpol’s executive committee, was elected for one four-year term, the global policing body announced. He has been accused by human rights groups of involvement in torture and arbitrary detentions in the UAE.
Another contentious candidate, Hu Binchen, an official at China’s ministry of public security, was elected to join Interpol’s executive committee as a delegate from Asia. Hu was backed by China’s government, which is suspected of using the global police body to hunt down exiled dissidents and of disappearing its citizens.
The Lyon, France-based agency acts as an intermediary for national police services seeking to hunt down suspects outside of their borders. Al-Raisi and Hu’s election comes as the international body has come under criticism that its “red notice” system is being used to go after exiled dissidents or political enemies instead of criminals. Interpol's charter however, prohibits the use of police notices for political reasons.
Interpol said al-Raisi was elected following three rounds of voting and received 68.9% of the votes cast in the final round. “It’s an honor to have been elected to serve as the next president of Interpol," the global police agency quoted al-Raisi as saying.
“Interpol is an indispensable organization built on the strength of its partnerships. It is this collaborative spirit, united in mission, that I will continue to foster as we work to make a safer world for people and communities," he said.
The vote for president was closely watched since the first-ever Chinese president of the body, Meng Hongwei, vanished midway through his four-year term on a return trip to China in 2018. It subsequently emerged that he had been detained and accused of bribery and other alleged crimes.
Al-Raisi is accused of torture and has criminal complaints against him in five countries, including in France, where Interpol has its headquarters, and in Turkey, where the election was held. His election was met with joy in the UAE but drew angry responses from two Britons who filed the complaints.
“This is a sad day for international justice and global policing,” said Matthew Hedges, a British doctoral student who was imprisoned in the UAE for nearly seven months in 2018 on spying charges. Hedges says he was subjected to torture and months of solitary confinement.
Ali Issa Ahmad, a soccer fan who says he was tortured by the UAE security agency during the 2019 Asia Cup soccer tournament said: "I will not stop my fight for justice for the torture and abuse I suffered under Al-Raisi’s watch. I hope that Interpol will not allow him to abuse any other people.”
Their lawyer, Rodney Dixon, said his clients would “redouble their efforts to seek justice for their torture and pursue Gen. al-Raisi in national courts wherever he travels in his new position.” Hedges was pardoned by UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, but Emirati officials still insist Hedges was spying for Britain’s MI6 intelligence agency, without offering definitive proof to support their claims. He, his family and British diplomats have repeatedly denied the charges.
The Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China, which regroups legislators from around the world, expressed concern over Hu's election to Interpol's executive committee, saying it gives China “a green light to continue using Interpol as a vehicle for its repressive policies.” There was no immediate comment from Beijing.
In the UAE, now hosting the Expo 2020 world’s fair in Dubai and marking the 50th anniversary of its founding, Emirati officials celebrated al-Raisi’s selection. Interior Minister Saif bin Zayed Al Nahyan said it demonstrated “the world’s confidence in the UAE.”
Al-Raisi praised UAE’s leaders, saying “with their guidance and expertise, the UAE has become one of the safest countries in the world.” He pledged to modernize Interpol’s technology, promote women and meet new challenges like climate change and the coronavirus pandemic.
“I will also continue to reaffirm a core tenet of our profession — that police abuse or mistreatment of any kind is abhorrent and intolerable,” he said in a statement on his website. “The credibility and standing of Interpol and global law enforcement is our most important asset.”
Sayed Ahmed Alwadaei, an activist with the Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy, warned al-Raisi’s election “represents the beginning of a dangerous era, with authoritarian regimes now able to dictate international policing.”
“No one is safe from the abuse of Interpol and authoritarian regimes,” Alwadaei said in a statement. Al-Raisi replaces Kim Jong Yan from South Korea, a vice president who was swiftly elected as a replacement to serve out the rest of Meng’s term.
Although Interpol’s secretary-general runs Interpol on a day-to-day basis, the president plays a role in supervising the police body’s work and guiding its overall general direction. The president chairs Interpol’s general assemblies and meetings of its Executive Committee.
The post of secretary-general is currently held by Juergen Stock of Germany. Meanwhile, Interpol also said Valdecy Urquiza of Brazil was elected to the post of vice president for the Americas, while Garba Baba Umar of Nigeria was elected vice president for Africa.
About 470 police chiefs, ministers and other representatives from more than 160 countries attended the three-day meeting. Each country attending has one vote.
Suzan Fraser reported from Ankara. Jon Gambrell contributed from Dubai.