Like the wider Mideast, from skyscraper-studded Dubai to the narrow alleyways of Cairo, Iranians in cities rely on delivery for many of their daily supplies amid one of the world's worst coronavirus outbreaks.
Those deliveries, coming as Muslims prepare for the holy fasting month of Ramadan, take on new importance for those receiving the goods and offer new risks for the couriers trying to make a living. “I need a source of income and I take all the risks," 23-year-old deliveryman Yaghoub Moradi said.
Iran, the Middle Eastern country hardest hit by the pandemic, on Thursday put its death toll from the virus at 5,481 out of more than 87,000 confirmed cases. State TV said there were 1,030 new cases and the death toll was 90 more than Wednesday.
Iran already struggles under severe U.S. sanctions blocking the sale of its crude oil abroad, measures imposed after President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew America from Tehran’s nuclear deal with world powers in 2018. That has led to a monthslong period of increased tensions that have persisted through the pandemic.
Now, the virus is striking the service sector and other industries that escaped the wrath of sanctions, economic analyst Mehdiyar Mostafaei told The Associated Press. For a nation already struggling with unemployment, that's forced many into the gray market of gypsy cabs and on-demand delivery, using their own vehicles.
Shahin Daryani, a supermarket owner, told the AP that much of his sales come from phone orders. The demand has seen him hire four new couriers. “My customers and I prefer to not see each other in the supermarket,” Daryani said. “If they stay at home, it could be great, even for me. No contact, no virus outbreak.”
Iran on Monday reopened intercity highways and major shopping centers to stimulate its sanctions-choked economy, gambling that it has brought under control its coronavirus outbreak, even as some fear it could lead to a second wave of infections. That fear has led those who can stay inside to rely on deliveries.
With so many staying home, the internet taxi service Snapp, the Iranian app that resembles Uber, has seen a drop off in demand. “Before the Nowruz (the Persian New Year), some 800,000 were active in (using) Snapp, but the virus cut 70 percent of them," Snapp's managing director, Jhubin Alaghband told the AP.
The pandemic, however, has seen a spike in demand for SnappFood, which organizes grocery store deliveries. Its orders have doubled to some 20,000 a day, Alaghband said. But the risk remains for couriers like Saeed Vatanparast. He said he worried while on his deliveries about contracting the virus by handling customers' money or using his portable debit card machine to take payments.
"God knows if they have the virus I can contract it and I can take the virus with me to other homes and customers.” he said. Most people who become infected experience mild to moderate symptoms. But the virus can cause severe illness and lead to death, particularly among older people and those with underlying health problems. It is highly contagious.
Egypt’s highest religious authority, Grand Mufti Shawki Allam, said Thursday that healthy Muslims have a religious obligation to fast during the holy month of Ramadan despite the global pandemic. “After consulting with medical experts in the midst of the current pandemic, we affirm that fasting has no negative effect on (healthy) people,” said Allam in a video posted on Facebook.
Allam said the elderly and those with underlying medical conditions should follow their doctors’ advice on whether they could fast. “As to coronavirus patients, they are the most eligible to break their fast,” he said.
Egypt has confirmed more than 3,600 virus cases, including 276 fatalities. The government has banned gatherings, including congregational prayers at mosques. The Cabinet was expected to announce Thursday whether a nightly curfew will be extended during Ramadan. If so, Muslims won't be able to hold large family iftar parties, even in their homes.
Associated Press writers Mehdi Fattahi and Nasser Karimi in Tehran, Iran; Jon Gambrell in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and Noha ElHennawy in Cairo contributed to this report.