TOP OF THE HOUR: — US approves first at home saliva-based virus test. — Spain’s army expects 2 more outbreaks of virus. — European Union to give millions of masks to healthcare workers. — Frances encourages biking to work amid virus outbreak.
Spain’s army says it expects two more outbreaks of the coronavirus, according to an internal document seen by The Associated Press.
The army report predicts “two more waves of the epidemic” and Spain will take “between a year and a year-and-a-half to return to normality.”
It says the second wave would be in autumn or winter and possibly less serious than the initial outbreak due to higher immunity in the population.
It adds a possible third wave would be “greatly weakened” if there is a vaccine available next year.
The document was published by Spanish newspaper ABC on Friday and later confirmed as authentic by the AP.
Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez has warned he it’s highly probable the virus will make comebacks until there’s a vaccine. The army report says “it would be extremely important” to develop a contact tracing method using mobile phone apps.
More than 26,000 Spaniards have died from the COVID-19 virus.
Swiss government officials have backed off plans to require restaurants and bars to take the names and phone numbers of patrons to help fight the coronavirus.
The government now says it’s “optional.”
The reversal comes after privacy advocates, restaurant owners and legal experts expressed concerns.
After nearly two months of closure, most schools, stores and businesses in Switzerland will reopen on Monday because case counts have declined in recent weeks.
Many countries are trying to balance public health, privacy and livelihoods amid the pandemic.
Health Minister Alain Berset says a Swiss “protection plan” asked bar and restaurants operators to seek personal details of at least one contact person per table so they could be reached if an infection turned up in the establishment. He says that information will be voluntary.
Herzegovina — Bosnia’s central government has agreed to temporarily lift coronavirus travel restrictions for its migrant workers who wish to return to their jobs in Belgium.
The government says a special direct flight for these workers will be organized over the weekend from the airport in the northeastern city of Tuzla to Ostend Airport in Belgium.
There were no details on the number of Bosnian workers allowed to return to work in Belgium or the air carrier.
Sudan’s committee to combat coronavirus says it will “renew and tighten” movement restrictions in the capital as the country’s case count increased to nearly 1,000 infections and 52 deaths.
Siddig Tawer Kafi, member of the ruling Sovereignty Council, says Sudan will extend the lockdown for Khartoum and its province for 10 days to May 19.
The government also extended the ban on communal praying in mosques through nearly the end of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan.
Kafi promised Sudan’s transitional government will keep offering basics, such as bread and cooking gas, at reduced prices for struggling families.
U.S. health regulators approved the first saliva-based coronavirus test that allows people to collect their own sample at home.
The new at-home option is expected to expand use of the test developed by Rutgers University, which the Food and Drug Administration first authorized last month. People can use the plastic tube at home to provide a saliva sample and ship it to a laboratory for processing.
The test will be available through a New Jersey network of hospitals and testing sites affiliated with Rutgers. Initially, the government limited the test to health care facilities and testing sites with professional supervision.
Wide-scale testing is considered essential to containing the spread of COVID-19 and safely reopening businesses and schools. But many states are still struggling to reach the testing levels recommended by health experts.
Wales will extend its coronavirus lockdown another three weeks.
First Minister Mark Drakeford says in Cardiff it’s too soon to lift most of the restrictions in Wales, and the rest of the U.K., since March 23.
He says, “very small and modest adjustments” could be made amid the preference of Wales for a U.K-wide approach to easing the lockdown. He says people will be allowed to exercise more than once a day and garden centers and libraries will reopen.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson is expected lay out a roadmap for how the U.K., with the most coronavirus-related deaths in Europe, starts easing the lockdown.
Authorities are delaying the loosening of coronavirus restrictions in a western German county after an outbreak at a slaughterhouse pushed up the infection rate.
German officials agreed this week that state governments could loosen more restrictions but impose new measures in any county that reports 50 new cases for every 100,000 inhabitants within a week.
The numbers at Coesfeld county, near the Dutch border, rose to 61 after 151 employees at a slaughterhouse tested positive. The facility was closed.
North Rhine-Westphalia state’s health minister, Karl-Josef Laumann, says all slaughterhouse workers will be tested across the state, up to 20,000 people.
RIO de JANEIRO
Brazil’s fifth largest city, Fortaleza, became the nation’s third metropolis to enter lockdown for COVID-19.
The capital of northeastern Ceará state adopted more intense restrictions for pedestrians and car traffic, including police roadblocks, and allows only essential services.
This week, Maranhão and Pará states imposed a lockdown in their capitals, São Luís and Belém. Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro went to the Supreme Court on Thursday to ask that states be forced to roll back restrictive measures, despite the surge in the nation’s cases and deaths.
Fortaleza has 727 deaths from COVID-19. Local authorities in the city of 2.7 million residents project 4,000 deaths by the end of May.
Kuwait will institute a full lockdown in the oil-rich, tiny nation on Sunday through May 30.
The government made the announcement on Friday. It comes after the country has upped its testing for the virus, particularly among its vast population of foreign workers.
Kuwait had locked down and then loosened its restrictions amid the holy Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
Kuwait has more than 7,200 confirmed cases and 47 deaths.
Italy has assisted its Western Balkan countries with operating medical instructions during the coronavirus outbreak.
The Regional Cooperation Council (RCC), a regional cooperation network based in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, distributed Italian protocols on Friday that includes information for health care professionals treating the people with the Covid-19.
The six Western Balkan countries -- Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia -- have 460 deaths and 15,525 confirmed virus cases, according to John Hopkins University.
The six Western Balklan countries are at different stages of European integration. The EU has pledged 3.3 billion euros ($3.6 billion) in emergency coronavirus funding aimed at supporting overburdened health services.
Many in France are planning to bike to work rather than use crowded public transportation when the country lifts some confinement restrictions on Monday.
In Paris, people were lined outside a bike shop with second-hand bicycles on sale. Customer Sylvie Leger says she feels “anxious” about getting on the metro because of the coronavirus.
Biking has been encouraged by the French government to help with overcrowding on trains and buses. Temporary biking lanes will open in Paris. Cars will be banned from the famous Rue de Rivoli, a long street alongside the Louvre museum.
Also, France will subsidize riders up to 50 euros (nearly $55) for repairs.
The European Union says the first plane is delivering aid and humanitarian staffers to the Central African Republic and more flights are planned.
The European Commission says the flight was heading from Lyon in France to Bangui with 60 staffers and 13 tons of humanitarian aid. Soon two other aircraft with another 27 tons of aid will make the trip. EU citizens and others stranded in the region will be brought back on the return leg.
The EU money will pay for the flights and U.N agencies and NGOs can use them.
EU Crisis Management Commissioner Janez Lenarcic says leaving any coronavirus-hit region “without protection today exposes us all to a lack of protection in the future.”
Hundreds of Belarusians, including World War II veterans, attended a church ceremony in Minsk that marked the 75th anniversary of the allied victory over Nazi Germany.
None wore masks, despite the growing coronavirus outbreak in the country.
President Alexander Lukashenko repeatedly dismissed concerns around the pandemic as “mass psychosis” and rejected the idea of a lockdown.
“We chose our own path, and I’m convinced today that we did the right thing,” Lukashenko told veterans. He assured veterans who want to attend the Victory Day parade on Saturday, which Minsk is going ahead with despite the outbreak, that “nothing will happen” to them.
Belarus remains one of the few countries that hadn’t imposed a lockdown or restricted public events despite recommendations of the World Health Organization. The 9.5-million ex-Soviet nation has reported more than 20,000 confirmed coronavirus cases, with surges after public events with mass attendance, such as Easter services.
Cyprus’ president attempted to quell concerns over the decision to reopen all public schools on May 21, saying it will depend on how well the country keeps the virus at bay.
President Nicos Anastasiades says he’ll take the advice of a team of medical experts. He says the government would never be “complicit in regressive” actions that would enable the virus to flourish and endanger public health.
Some Cypriots questioned why the government would opt to reopen schools for five weeks and risk a flareup of infections. Others attributed the move to pressure from the business community to free parents from taking care of kids at home and allowing them back to work.
Spain’s government is deliberating which regions can rollback lockdown measures next week.
The regional authorities of Madrid, hardest hit by the coronavirus, are pushing the government to allow them to loosen restrictions. However, that position appears to have led to the resignation of its regional director of public health on Thursday.
Madrid’s regional chief Isabel Díaz Ayuso told Spanish state broadcaster TVE on Friday the capital was prepared. She says, “for there to be no more infections there would have be zero movement and that would lead to (economic) ruin.”
Government deputy prime minister Pablo Iglesias say it’s likely Madrid would have to wait, accusing Díaz Ayuso of “wanting to make propaganda from something as serious as saving lives.”
Madrid leads Spain with 8,500 confirmed deaths from the virus that has killed more than 26,000. Officials in Catalonia, the second-hardest hit area, have said they are not prepared to move forward with the rollback.
Spain reported 221 deaths on Friday, down from daily totals of more than 900 deaths a month ago.
Germany’s Lufthansa says its airlines will reactivate part of their fleet next month.
The company says Lufthansa, its budget subsidiary Eurowings and Switzerland’s Swiss will put 80 aircraft back into service starting June 1. So far, it has been operating a limited “repatriation flight schedule” with 80 planes.
Lufthansa says destinations including the Spanish island of Mallorca and the Greek island of Crete will return to its schedule in June, along with flight to the German North Sea island of Sylt and Rostock on the country’s Baltic coast.
German states are lifting restrictions on travel within the country.
Airlines have suffered from a near-collapse of air travel as a result of lockdowns, entry bans and quarantine rules. Lufthansa is negotiating with the German government on a potential 9 billion euro ($9.7 billion) aid package.
The northern Italian province of Bolzano is reopening stores this weekend in defiance of the Rome government’s program, citing a special statute that grants it some autonomy.
According to the statute signed Friday, stores may reopen on Saturday, ahead of the official May 18 opening date nationally. That will be followed Monday by the reopening of bars, restaurants, hairdressers and museums, which are not slated to open until June 1.
In Rome, the minister for Italy’s regions, Francesco Boccia, says he had no choice but to pose a legal challenge. Boccia says the reopening were premature as there is no health and safety plan yet in place for those sectors.
Bolzano has not had any deaths from coronavirus in days while the new positives have been in the low single digits. It accounts for just 1% of Italy’s nearly 215,000 cases.
The government has not altered its easing of the lockdown, which started this week with office workers and more factories. Veneto governor Luca Zaia says it was getting harder to explain the contradictions between companies with hundreds of workers being open “and a hairdresser cannot cut a woman’s hair.”
The European Commission will start dispatching a stock of 10 million masks to healthcare workers across the 27-country bloc and in the UK.
The Commission says a first batch of 1.5 million masks will be shipped to 17 member states and Britain over the next few days. The stock, purchased through an EU fund set up to tackle the COVID-19 crisis, will be distributed in weekly installments over the next six weeks.
“This is EU solidarity in action to help respond to the needs of European health systems and €3 billion has been mobilized from the EU budget to directly support national efforts,” says Stella Kyriakides, Commissioner for Health and Food Safety.
Deaths in Germany in late March and early April were above the average in the previous four years, which appears in part a result of the coronavirus pandemic.
The Federal Statistical Office says the difference was largest in the week of April 6-12, when deaths were 11% above the average from 2016-2019.
That’s generally when deaths decline as the number of people ill with flu declines, and the office says “this points to excess mortality in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic.”
The deaths in Germany from the coronavirus is low compared to several other European countries. Germany has tested and recorded one of the world’s largest numbers of infections, yet its death rate has been much lower than those in Britain, Italy, Spain and France.
Lebanon’s mosques welcomed worshipers for prayers for the first time in nearly two months, as authorities eased restrictions designed to limit the spread of the coronavirus.
The Interior Ministry announced churches and mosques could hold congregational prayers on Sundays and Fridays if they limit capacity and respect social distancing guidelines.
Mosque officials sprayed worshipers with disinfectant as they entered the buildings and took their temperatures. Masked worshipers sat, contrary to tradition, at considerable distances from one another and were obliged to bring their own prayer mats.
The minister of education says Lebanon’s schools and universities would resume May 28. They are expected open until the end of July when a two-month summer recess begins. Students from first to third grades will continue distant learning.
Follow AP news coverage of the coronavirus pandemic at https://apnews.com/VirusOutbreak and https://apnews.com/UnderstandingtheOutbreak.