The group's long-term goal remains unchanged: A 5,000-square-mile (12,950-sq. kilometer) expanse of public and private lands with at least 10,000 bison in the north-central area of the state. But that would happen more slowly than anticipated after the idea encountered resistance from surrounding landowners. They worry year-round grazing could destroy the range and that the reserve is displacing ranching families as it grows.
The American Prairie Reserve's revised application to the U.S. Bureau of Land Management would allow bison to graze on about 94 square miles (243 sq. kilometers) of public lands instead of the 450 square miles (1,166 sq. kilometers) originally requested.
The Bozeman-based group does not want neighboring landowners to feel "bulldozed," reserve vice president Pete Geddes told The Associated Press in advance of the public announcement. Founded in 2001, the reserve is located on rolling grasslands along the Missouri River near the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge.
Massive herds of migrating bison once passed through the area before the animals were hunted to near-extinction in the late 19th century. Today the landscape is broken up by the fence lines of sprawling cattle ranches, many run by the same families for generations.
"We want our neighbors to feel very comfortable with our management," Geddes said. "We have every intent as a conservation organization to make sure this range is in really good condition." In addition to paring back areas where bison grazing would be allowed, the revision would allow only seasonal grazing on most of the land instead of the year-round grazing originally requested. It reduces the amount of interior fencing removed — to allow bison and other wildlife to roam more freely — from 300 miles to 40 miles.
The changes would allow the reserve to increase its herd of about 850 bison by an additional 1,000 animals, said Betty Holder, the group's land acquisition manager. The plan would remain in place for a decade before any more changes are sought, according to Geddes and Holder.
Opponents of the reserve were largely unmoved. Deanna Robbins, whose family runs a ranch and hunter outfitting business near Roy, Montana, described the revisions as a "Trojan horse." "APR (American Prairie Reserve) is clear that their goal of controlling 3 million acres of public land and removing all cattle, people and signs of inhabitation hasn't changed," Robbins said. "Neither has our opposition."
A Republican lawmaker from Lewistown who sponsored a resolution in the Legislature calling for federal officials to deny the original proposal said Tuesday's announcement showed the reserve's backers were "starting to feel the pressure." Rep. Dan Bartel said the land should remain in agricultural use
The application is subject to approval from the Bureau of Land Management. The agency has received the request and it's under review, spokesman Al Nash said. There is no timeline for a final decision, he said. The original application had been pending since November 2017.
"Our job remains the same," Nash said. "We'll do the appropriate environmental analysis and make a decision based on law, regulation and policy." Since 2001, the reserve has received $150 million in donations and pledges toward creating a protected area that would be larger than Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks combined.
American Prairie Reserve already holds leases on the public lands in question, which include state land overseen by the Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation.
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This version corrects the story to say bison were hunted to near-extinction in the late 19th century, not the 18th.